La strategia Europa 2020 punta a rilanciare l’economia dell’UE nel prossimo decennio. In un mondo che cambia l’UE si propone di diventare un’economia intelligente, sostenibile e solidale. Queste tre priorità che si rafforzano a vicenda intendono aiutare l’UE e gli Stati membri a conseguire elevati livelli di occupazione, produttività e coesione sociale. In pratica, l’Unione si è posta cinque ambiziosi obiettivi – in materia di occupazione, innovazione, istruzione, integrazione sociale e clima/energia – da raggiungere entro il 2020. Ogni Stato membro ha adottato per ciascuno di questi settori i propri obiettivi nazionali. Interventi concreti a livello europeo e nazionale vanno a consolidare la strategia.
Interventi del presidente Barroso sulla strategia Europa 2020
Leggi le raccomandazioni generali per l’Europa, qui
Fonte: European Commission
Europe 2020 in Italy
The Country-specific Recommendations are documents prepared by the European Commission for each country, analysing its economic situation and providing recommendations on measures it should adopt over the coming 12 months. They are tailored to the particular issues the Member State is facing and cover a broad range of topics: the state of public finances, reforms of pension systems, measures to create jobs and to fight unemployment, education and innovation challenges, etc. The final adoption of Country-specific Recommendations prepared by the Commission is done at the highest level by national leaders in the European Council.
Proposed recommendations for Italy 2012
In 2012, Italy’s economic activity is expected to contract by 1.4%, and gradually recover in 2013. The unemployment rate is foreseen to increase further to 9.5% this year and 9.7% in 2013.
In the past few months, the policy response to ensure sound public finances and tackle Italy’s long-standing structural weaknesses has been determined and wide-ranging. It has touched upon a whole range of areas including taxation, pensions, competition in product and services markets, the business environment, efficiency of the public administration and recently, the labour market.
Italy continues to face important and serious challenges in a number of areas. The dualism in terms of economic development between the North and the South remains an overarching concern. The full implementation of the bold fiscal consolidation strategy is a pressing need. The weak external competitive position requires better alignment of wage and productivity developments. A heavy tax burden on labour adversely affects labour supply and demand. Reducing tax evasion and improving compliance require further determined action. Labour market participation and employment rates are still low, in particular for young people, women and older workers. The overall quality of the education and training system is unsatisfactory, with high levels of early school leaving and low participation in lifelong learning. Significant infrastructure gaps and a lack of competition in the network industries, in particular energy and transport, are hindering economic activity. The business environment is not growth-friendly due to administrative inefficiencies, burdensome regulations and significant weaknesses in the civil justice system.
Overview of recommendations
- Implement the budgetary strategy as planned, and ensure that the excessive deficit is corrected in 2012. Ensure the planned structural primary surpluses so as to put the debt-to-GDP ratio on a declining path by 2013. Ensure adequate progress towards the medium-term budgetary objective, while meeting the expenditure benchmark and making sufficient progress towards compliance with the debt reduction benchmark.
More information on Italy’s economy
- Ensure that the specification of the key features of the Constitutional balanced budget rule, including appropriate coordination across levels of government, is consistent with the EU framework. Pursue a durable improvement of the efficiency and quality of public expenditure through the planned spending review and the implementation of the 2011 Cohesion Action Plan leading to improving the absorption and management of EU funds, in particular in the South of Italy.
More information on the cohesion policy in Italy
- Take further action to address youth unemployment, including by improving the labour-market relevance of education and facilitating transition to work, also through incentives for business start-ups and for hiring employees. Enforce nation-wide recognition of skills and qualifications to promote labour mobility. Take measures to reduce tertiary-education dropout rates and fight early school leaving.
More information on the EU youth strategy
- Adopt the labour market reform as a priority to tackle the segmentation of the labour market and establish an integrated unemployment benefit scheme. Take further action to incentivise labour market participation of women, in particular through the provision of child and elderly care. To boost cost competitiveness, strengthen the link between wages set at sectoral level and productivity through further improvements to the wage setting framework, in consultation with social partners and in line with national practices.
More information on the European employment strategy
- Pursue the fight against tax evasion. Pursue the shadow economy and undeclared work, for instance by stepping up checks and controls.Take measures to reduce the scope of tax exemptions, allowances and VAT reduced rates and simplify the tax code. Take further action to shift the tax burden away from capital and labour to property and consumption as well as environment.
More information on tax and benefit systems
- Implement the adopted liberalisation and simplification measures in the services sector. Take further measures to improve market access in network industries, as well as infrastructure capacity and interconnections.
More information on services and network industries
- Simplify further the regulatory framework for businesses and enhance administrative capacity. Improve access to financial instruments, in particular equity, to finance growing businesses and innovation. Implement the planned reorganisation of the civil justice system, and promote the use of alternative dispute settlement mechanisms.
More information on EU enterprise policy and on improving access to finance for businesses
European Semester Documents